What is the use of classifying hurricanes into categories?
What is the use of classifying hurricanes into categories? Thirty years ago, on the morning of August 24, several cities in South Florida were devastated by Hurricane Andrew. A meteor reached Category 5 on the hurricane scale, destroying thousands of homes in the Homestead and Florida City area.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency -NOAA, in English-, Andrew destroyed 49,000 homes in Miami-Dade, whose damage exceeded 26,000 million dollars.
What criteria are taken into account to classify hurricanes and how do the different categories affect us?
Before reaching the hurricane classification, the first thing that is observed is a storm system called Tropical Depression, whose winds do not exceed 38 miles per hour.
When the wind speed rises to the range of 39 and 73 miles per hour, this phenomenon is called a Tropical Storm.
The designation hurricane begins when the winds exceed 74 miles per hour on a sustained basis.
It is considered a Category 1 hurricane when its winds move between 74 and 95 miles per hour. May affect power lines. When they reach Category 2, the force ranges from 96 to 110 miles per hour. At this level, they can affect the roofs of houses.
In Category 3 the wind spiral rotates over 111 miles up to 130 miles per hour. At this time, the waves of the sea can reach 10 feet in height. A phenomenon of this magnitude can cause structural damage and uproot large trees.
It is called Category 4, when the winds rotate between 131 and 155 miles per hour. The waves exceed 15 feet in height and the force of the wind can cause severe damage to homes, uproot trees.
Above 155 miles per hour we are talking about a Category 5 hurricane, like Andrew. This is the highest level of danger. The waves associated with this phenomenon can reach 20 feet in height. A Category 5 can destroy all structures in its path, homes, businesses, any building is in danger.
The different categories help the public to make correct decisions. If the weather report warns that a category 3, 4 or 5 hurricane is coming, you will most likely have to evacuate your family to a safe place.
Among so much calamity, the best news is that the damage caused by these atmospheric phenomena is usually covered by homeowner’s insurance. Except if the cause of the damage was a flood. For this you need specific coverage. What is the use of classifying hurricanes into categories?